example of city
 Economic globalization fuels the growth of these cities, as new torrents of foreign capital arrange for rapid industrialization, as well as relocation of major businesses from Europe and North America, attracting immigrants from near and far. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? , Poor and working-class people face disproportionate exposure to environmental risks (known as environmental racism when intersecting also with racial segregation). David Walker, "The New System of Intergovernmental Relations: Fiscal Relief and More Governmental Intrusions"; in Hahn & Levine (1980). The Norman conquest of southern Italy put an end to the progress of municipal autonomy in that region. What Do Subnational Offices Think They're Doing in Brussels? Public policy factors in to how decisions are made. Can You Truly Focus When Current Events Distract You?
"Almost by definition, cities have always provided the setting for great events and have been the focal points for social change and human development. A system of rectilinear city streets and land plots, known as the grid plan, has been used for millennia in Asia, Europe, and the Americas.
[…] Municipal powers to implement and effectuate city plans are usually ample. Cities typically provide municipal services such as education, through school systems; policing, through police departments; and firefighting, through fire departments; as well as the city's basic infrastructure. Vintage, New York. The Norte Chico civilization included as many as 30 major population centers in what is now the Norte Chico region of north-central coastal Peru.
Their aim was to share in public life, and they were willing to pay for this share with personal discomfort. "Early Urban Configurations on the Middle Niger: Clustered Cities and Landscapes of Power," Chapter 5. 5–7. Anthropogenic buildings and waste, as well as cultivation in gardens, create physical and chemical environments which have no equivalents in wilderness, in some cases enabling exceptional biodiversity. , Typical urban fauna include insects (especially ants), rodents (mice, rats), and birds, as well as cats and dogs (domesticated and feral).  Early cities often featured granaries, sometimes within a temple. You have been successfully subscribed to the Grammarly blog. Dutch cities such as Amsterdam and Haarlem are structured as a central square surrounded by concentric canals marking every expansion.
 Soon after, they gained a more lasting foothold in Asian and African cities under European influence. Karen Bakker, "Archipelagos and networks: urbanization and water privatization in the South"; Latham et al. Only a small number of the more powerful families, such as the house of Este, the Malaspina, the Guidi, and the Aldobrandeschi, succeeded in maintaining their independence—and that not without frequent losses and concessions. Shipra Narang Suri & Günther Taube, "Governance in Megacities: Experiences, Challenges and Implications for International Cooperation"; in Kraas et al.
These places are, of course, places to make money, but they are also stages of performance for an interactive consumer.
4, 29. Wellman, Kath & Marcus Spiller, eds. but lower marginal costs and thus positive economies of scale.
, The related concept of good governance places more emphasis on the state, with the purpose of assessing urban governments for their suitability for development assistance. "In more recent years, planned networks of defended settlements as part of military strategies can be found in the pacification programmes of what has become the conventional wisdom of anti-insurgency operations. In early dynastic times, probably as far back as historians can trace its history, Mesopotamia was divided into small units, the so-called city-states, consisting of a major city with its surrounding lands. , Cities are responsible for a substantial portion of the emissions responsible for global warming.
For more grade-level related lists, we recommend the following Teaching Resources pages: Beginning Spelling Curriculum Sight Words  The World Bank and UN-Habitat in 1999 jointly established the Cities Alliance (based at the World Bank headquarters in Washington, D.C.) to guide policymaking, knowledge sharing, and grant distribution around the issue of urban poverty. New York, London, Paris, Amsterdam, Hong Kong, São Paulo). "Indeed, the design of the buildings often revolves around the consumable fantasy experience, seen most markedly in the likes of Universal CityWalk, Disneyland and Las Vegas.
) The Bank's policies have tended to focus on bolstering real estate markets through credit and technical assistance.
", Kaplan et al. Their power was later challenged and eclipsed by the Dutch commercial cities of Ghent, Ypres, and Amsterdam. Bridge, Gary, and Sophie Watson, eds.  Similar phenomena existed elsewhere, as in the case of Sakai, which enjoyed a considerable autonomy in late medieval Japan. , Metropolitan areas include suburbs and exurbs organized around the needs of commuters, and sometimes edge cities characterized by a degree of economic and political independence. A farmer in Europe or California who checks the markets every morning on the computer, negotiates with product brokers in distant cities, buys food at a supermarket, watches television every night, and takes vacations half a continent away is not exactly living a traditional rural life.
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